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Egypt

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Facts – Impacts of Climate change in Food Security and Water Resources in Egypt .

 

Through Reading many researches related with Impacts of  Climate change on Egypt , I decided to share with all of you some Real Facts about the Impacts of Climate change on Food Security and Water Scarcity in Egypt.

Water scarcity
The first impact of climate change in Egypt is likely be felt in water domain. Water is already a limited resource, with per capita share just below 1000 m3 per year and is thus at the edge of the so-called poverty line (El Quosy, 1999).
River Nile, provides more than 95% of all water to Egypt and the annual rainfall varies from a maximum of 180 mm/year on the North coast, to an average of 20 mm near the city of Cairo and diminishes to as little as 2 mm close to the city of Aswan in upper Egypt. Both water supply and demand are expected to be exaggerated by climate change. Impacts on the supply side are likely to arise from possible changes of precipitation patterns over the Ethiopian highlands and equatorial lakes. These effects of predicted climate change on both components are uncertain Decline in rainfall on the upper White and Blue Nile catchments and Middle Nile basin may
exacerbate the set-up. Yet It is expected by 2050 that climate change will increase water demand by an average of 5% (Eid, 1999). Meanwhile, most of the population of Egypt are linked to the agricultural sector which constitutes 20% of gross national products and consumes about 80% of the water budget. However, there are conflicting projections of the future availability of Nile water as a result of climate change. While some simulation studies foresee an increase in Nile water increase by 25% over current yearly levels, a larger number of studies project declines reaching up to 70% (El-Quosy, 2008). The difference in results indicates that more robust studies are needed to provide a more solid base for the design of public policy.
However, the most plausible projections seem to point to less availability of Nile water in the future.

Agricultural and food insufficiency

Egyptian agriculture faces two major potential threats; the first is that River Nile might lose 30 to 60% of its main resources due to climate change. The second is that all estimates show that North Africa rain-fed farming would decrease to 50% owing to climate change. No detailed quantitative assessment of the actual impacts of climate change on agriculture has been carried out yet, though it is expected to decline by 10 – 60% (Pam, 1990). It is worthy to state that seasonal ( winter and summer crops) and geographical distribution of Egyptian crops are temperature controlled. The major crops in Egypt (wheat, maize, clover, rice, cotton, sugar-cane, bean, sorghum and soybean) are expected to decrease due to global change and water shortage. A doubling of CO2 might increase photosynthetic rates significantly, but crop harvests will decline due to water scarcity and heat-associated damage to plant pollination, flowering and the formation of grains. By 2050 decline in yields due to climate change is expected to reach 28% for soybean, 18% for wheat and barleys19% for maize and sorghum and 11% for rice, while that of cotton would be increased (Eid, 1999). Livestock production would also suffer due to reduced range quality and availability. Hotter and drier conditions would widen the area prone to desertification which would also be aggravated by increases in erosion and Reductions in soil fertility. The economic and human costs of desertification would be tremendous.

I hope leaders in our government take action and  put Effective policies to reduce the risk of Climate Change .

We haven’t time to waste…………….. .

Egyptian Spirit

Over a year has passed since one of the biggest achievement in Egypt´s modern history: the Egyptian Revolution, which inspired people all around the world.

After 30 years of Silence, Injustice, Oppression, I witnessed the Egyptian People who stood together – asking for their rights and seeking justice.

Throughout my daily dealings, I have to admit that the Egyptian people proved after the revolution that they are united for their common dreams and hopes. They faced conspiracies that targeted their unity and cooperated to achieve the goals of the revolution. (more…)

Public Spaces in Egypt

It started many years ago when the people first lost ownership of their public spaces, as people were focusing on their own daily life problems .The youth created their own spaces where they could talk, express their own feelings, problems, share and exchange. Finally when all of these people wanted to unite and create a form of actions they went to Tahrir Square and they made their own revolution. (more…)

A new “Green” revolution, time to seize the day

Revolution is in the air in Egypt these days and many organizations see this time as an opportunity to gain influence in the decision making process. New parties are registering and trade unions and small NGOs are gathering strength.

There is a feeling of “everything but Mubarak” is the right way to move and that gives climate NGOs a whole new platform to work on.

Now is the time for relatively small groups of climate activist to unite and seize the day to change the future climate policies in Egypt. The conditions are just right. (more…)

Podcast: Youth from Egypt and Jordan debate about the revolution wave in the Middle East

Revolution Wave in the Middle East by stefanstraten

Youth from Egypt and Jordan discuss the revolution wave in the Middle East.

The participants from Egypt and Jordan are all youth leaders and work with the organization of youth and social change in their communities. They are in Denmark with young Danes to undergo training as climate ambassadors in collaboration with Crossing Borders, the Green Think Tank CONCITO, Wadi Environmental Science Centre in Egypt and Masar Center in Jordan.

Revolution wave in the Middle East – Impressions from a Dane

I’ve followed the news of the revolutions spreading throughout the Middle East on a daily basis since the brave young Tunisian set himself on fire in January. Last night during a panel discussion at Krogerup Højskole in Denmark, I felt in a new and different manner with the people at Tahrir-Square in Cairo and all over the region. Through a Climate Ambassador Program youth from Jordan and Egypt have travelled to Denmark to pair up with a danish team and innovate new forms of activism and campaigns. They have all in different ways been involved in the uprise and demonstrations. Through individual stories and sharp analysis the young passionate Ambassadors, told the audience about years of oppression, corruption and humiliation culminated in the intense but amazingly organised demonstrations.

A central part of the revolution in Egypt and uprise in Jordan that shined through the youth attending the debate and transmitted to my heart was the sense of solidarity. Both between the demonstrators insisting on non-violent activism and a solidarity between the youth in the MENA region, exchanging information and tips across borders on how to rise and challenge the unstable regimes. The new sense of empowerment seemed to have inspired, a will to go through enormous structural changes and the discussion went high with ideas of how Egypt and Jordan should and are changing.

Though heartbreaking stories of police brutality and a fear of a system in many ways still intact, the panel discussion showed me the greatest determination and optimism for the future. It was like the spirit of Tahrir-Square for a moment entered the rooms of Krogerup Højskole and touched the hearts of the large audience of all ages remembering the casualties through minutes of silence and honouring them through a lively discussion lightning up the school.

Frederik Felding

DEMENA Climate Ambassador

Thoughts on the wind of change

As a part of the Climate Ambassador scheme we have to learn and understand each other across the borders, as a part of that our friends from the Middle East had a presentation about the winds of change in the region at the moment; here are my thoughts: (more…)

Arab Partners – capacity and experience in the field

The Arab partners comprise Wadi Environmental Science Centre in Egypt and Masar Center in Jordan. (more…)

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