Download and read Egypt’s full case here: Mapping the Climate Changes of Egypt
Problem areas defined by the national partners in Egypt
Egypt is the most populous Arab country and among the poorest, struggling with political reforms. With its 80 plus million inhabitants concentrated on the Nile Delta and along the Nile valley, Egypt faces significant human development challenges in all key sectors such as resource scarcity and sustainable management policies, all of which have serious bearing on health service, food production, energy, education, job creation, massive urbanisation, human rights and tackling the negative effects of climate change.
The national strategy being developed is aimed at curbing climate change, in particular to alleviate some of its effects and to remedy the sea level rise in the Mediterranean and reduce water consumption in agriculture. This is expected to help the country cope with the anticipated water decrease from the Nile.
The priorities are to align its climate risk management and human development efforts in the face of climate change, reduce poverty and mitigate the risk through a combination of mitigation and adaptation with a special focus on the vulnerable populations of Egypt, mainstreaming GHG mitigation into national policy and investment frameworks, enhancing the country’s capacity to adapt to climate change and raising awareness and capacity of key decision makers. It sounds promising, but in reality practises are not changed accordingly and CSOs are striving to be included in the debates and influence policies.